Reference number
  • HLP
  • 1788-2002
  • Collection
  • This collection includes: signed minutes of executive and other committees, 1927-1955; annual reports and accounts, 1867-2002; papers of Committee on the Children and Young Persons Act 1969 and other committees and working parties, 1970-1979; notebooks and associated records compiled by secretaries of the Howard Association, (c1876)-1906; subject files, 1833-1979; Howard League periodical and other publications, 1920-2002; research material, 1788-1987, including photographs and other illustrations of institutions and inmates in the UK and elsewhere, 19th cent-1959; records relating to Thomas Barwick Lloyd Baker [1852]-1886; records of Martin Wright, 1955-2002.
  • 42 boxes
Admin history
  • The Howard Association was formed in 1866, taking its name from the philanthropist and penal reformer John Howard (1726?-1790). The organisation adopted its current title in 1921, following an amalgamation with the Penal Reform League (PRL). The Howard League exists to work for an improvement in prison conditions and rehabilitation of offenders.
    The National Council for the Abolition of the Death Penalty was established in 1925; in 1948 it merged with the Howard League for Penal Reform. The Council's papers were deposited along with those of the League. The League papers also include those of Thomas Barwick Lloyd-Baker (1807-1886). Baker was a writer on penal conditions and founded the Hardwicke Reformatory school in 1852.
    Reference: Chris Cook and David Waller, 'The Longman Guide to Sources in Contemporary British History 1: Organisations and Societies' (Longman, 1994); Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford); Christoph, James Bernard, 'Capital Punishment and British Politics: the British movement to abolish the death penalty 1945-57' (London, 1962).
Finding aids
  • An authority record exists for the Howard League (GB 0152AAR0714), the Penal Reform League (GB 0152 AAR0716), the National Council for the Abolition of the Death Penalty (GB 0152AAR0715), Thomas Barwick Lloyd-Baker (GB 0152AAR0714), and Martin Wright (GB 0152AAR2355).
Access Conditions
  • There are restrictions on access to some documents. Unpublished financial records are closed for 30 years, other records fall within the Data Protection Act and are closed for the lifetime of the subject.
Access status
  • Open
Related Material
  • Bound volumes of printed reports and pamphlets from the Howard Association, 1867-1912, are held in Warwick University Library's Special Collections - see library catalogue for further information.
    Further papers relating to the Floud Committee have been deposited in Northamptonshire Record Office.
    Records of the National Council for the Abolition of the Death Penalty, 1923-[1949] (MSS.16B/ADP) are listed separately.
    Records of Radical Alternatives to Prison, 1972-1987 (MSS.110), and the National Association for the Care and Resettlement of Offenders (NACRO), 1888-1978 (MSS.67), are also held at the Modern Records Centre.